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    ISPS Code (International Code for the Security of Ships and Port Facilities)

    • On account of the 9.11 terrorist attacks on the USA, the IMO enacted the ISPS Code at the 22nd General Assembly (01.11) to reduce the risk of terrorism at sea;
    • International maritime security rules (draft) drawn up at an expert conference ('02.2-9);
    • Chapter 11-2 of SOLAS (strengthening maritime safety) and ISPS Code added;
    • The IMO Diplomatic Conference held on December 12, 2002, adopted the ISPS Code (effective as of July 1, 2004).

    ISPS Composition: Preface, Part A, Part B

    • Part A: Mandatory requirements relating to the provisions of Chapter 11-2 of the SOLAS Convention;
    • Part B: Chapter 11-2 of the SOLAS Convention and Part A's Guidance on the regulations provide essential considerations to be taken into account;
    • The regulations to be imposed by the government and shipping companies to ensure the safety of ships, passengers (sailors), cargo, port facilities, etc.:
      - Vessels must carry and operate an International Ship Security Certificate (ISSC) after obtaining Security Plan (SSP) approval and undergoing security inspection;
      - The port authority shall conduct a security assessment and make it mandatory to formulate and implement a security plan.

    ISPS Related Conventions

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    ISPS Related Conventions
    Type Key Ffeatures Applicable Ssubjects
    Ship (including shipping companies)
    • Appointing security officers for ships or companies;
    • Conducting ship security assessments and establishing security plans;
    • Holding an International Ship Security Certificate (5 years) covering all voyages;
    • Installing a Ship Security Alert System (SSAS)
    • International passenger ships, depending on the amount of tonnage;
    • Freight vessels and mobile ocean constructions over 500 tons for international use;
    Port Facilities
    • Conducting port facility security assessments and formulating plans;
    • Appointing security officers for port facilities;
    • Installing and operating security facilities
    • Ports available for international ships
    Government
    • Performing security checks of foreign-registered ships and issuing certificates;
    • Educating and training head security officers and ship security managers;
    • Conducting a Ship Security Inspection and issuing ship security certificates (5 years);
    • Issuing ship history books;
    • Confirming port facility appropriateness (effective for 5 years);
    • Notifying ship and port facility security-related matters to the IMO;
    • Conducting security inspections of foreign vessels (local authority)
    • Regional Maritime Affairs and Fisheries Administration

    ISPS Key Features

    • Chapters 11-1 and 11-2 of the SOLAS convention;
    • Security rules for international vessels and port facilities (ISPS Code);
    • An act governing the security of international vessels and port facilities (enacted on February 15, 2008);
    Designating a security officer-conducting SSA - filling out SSP-inquiring an approval request for SSP - approval for SSP-activating the ship security system by SSP - evaluation request for ship security - conducting ship security evaluation - issuing the international ship security certificate-maintaining ship security
    
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