Overview of Piracy and Damage Reduction Measures:
- Continuing increase and ferocity of piracy since the '90s;
- Increasing possibility of maritime terrorism using dangerous goods transportation vessels following the 9/11 terrorist attack.
- Reducing the risk of piracy damage by employing measures at the national level;
- Promoting the effectiveness of international cooperation;
- Establishing a real-time safety management system for coastal and ocean-going ships navigating piracy prone areas.
Status of Progress
- Implementing a working-level council on measures to prevent maritime terrorism and piracy;
- Promoting countermeasures against piracy;
- Tracking the location of national ocean-going vessels in piracy prone regions;
- Strengthening international cooperation to reduce the risk of piracy and assist Korean ships harmed by piracy;
- Expanding an information network to address and reduce the risk of piracy in Asia.
Vessels at Greater Risk of Piracy and Armed Robbery
- Vessels navigating in Southeast Asia or the Indian Ocean, e.g., in the Strait of Malacca;
- Slowing-moving vessels which are easier for fishing boats and other small vessels to approach;
- Vessels that are vulnerable to attack due to their low freeboards;
- Flag of convenience vessels or multinational ships with diverse crew members;
- Vessels regularly navigating the same route with known schedules.
Piracy Damage Countermeasures
Actions to Be Taken Before Entering Piracy Prone Regions:
- Report to the General Situation Management Office of the Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries (either 24 hours before entry or upon submitting an EU Fleet Call Report)
- Separately making an entry or sending a report to the UKMTO and MSC-HOA;
- Install anti-piracy measures before entering piracy prone regions
- Razor wire, fire hydrants, water cannons;
- Constantly check the maritime safety information system of the Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries
- Information on piracy activities (including images of piracy ships and locations) and piracy attacks;
- It is strongly recommended that vulnerable ships have security personnel on board
- Ships with a maximum speed of 15 knots or less and a freeboard deck of 8 meters or less.
Measures to Take While Transiting Through Piracy Prone Regions:
- Maintain contact with the 24-hour emergency network;
- Sail at maximum possible speeds;
- Switch off the Automatic Identification System (AIS) (switch ON in the event of a piracy attack);
- Maintain satellite communication with the Cheonghae Unit and the General Situation Management Office of the Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries.
Measures to Take in the Event of a Piracy Attack:
- Send and report SSAS signals (→ Comprehensive Situation Management Office of the Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries);
- Take evasive action like increasing speed and zigzagging;
- Contact the Cheonghae Unit (or ship company) when evacuating to a shelter.