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    Piracy Introduction

    Overview of Piracy and Damage Reduction Measures:

    • Continuing increase and ferocity of piracy since the '90s;
    • Increasing possibility of maritime terrorism using dangerous goods transportation vessels following the 9/11 terrorist attack.

    Promotion Strategies:

    • Reducing the risk of piracy damage by employing measures at the national level;
    • Promoting the effectiveness of international cooperation;
    • Establishing a real-time safety management system for coastal and ocean-going ships navigating piracy prone areas.

    Status of Progress

    • Implementing a working-level council on measures to prevent maritime terrorism and piracy;
    • Promoting countermeasures against piracy;
    • Tracking the location of national ocean-going vessels in piracy prone regions;
    • Strengthening international cooperation to reduce the risk of piracy and assist Korean ships harmed by piracy;
    • Expanding an information network to address and reduce the risk of piracy in Asia.

    Vessels at Greater Risk of Piracy and Armed Robbery

    • Vessels navigating in Southeast Asia or the Indian Ocean, e.g., in the Strait of Malacca;
    • Slowing-moving vessels which are easier for fishing boats and other small vessels to approach;
    • Vessels that are vulnerable to attack due to their low freeboards;
    • Flag of convenience vessels or multinational ships with diverse crew members;
    • Vessels regularly navigating the same route with known schedules.

    Piracy Damage Countermeasures

    Actions to Be Taken Before Entering Piracy Prone Regions:

    • Report to the General Situation Management Office of the Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries (either 24 hours before entry or upon submitting an EU Fleet Call Report)
      - Separately making an entry or sending a report to the UKMTO and MSC-HOA;
    • Install anti-piracy measures before entering piracy prone regions
      - Razor wire, fire hydrants, water cannons;
    • Constantly check the maritime safety information system of the Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries
      - Information on piracy activities (including images of piracy ships and locations) and piracy attacks;
    • It is strongly recommended that vulnerable ships have security personnel on board
      - Ships with a maximum speed of 15 knots or less and a freeboard deck of 8 meters or less.

    Measures to Take While Transiting Through Piracy Prone Regions:

    • Maintain contact with the 24-hour emergency network;
    • Sail at maximum possible speeds;
    • Switch off the Automatic Identification System (AIS) (switch ON in the event of a piracy attack);
    • Maintain satellite communication with the Cheonghae Unit and the General Situation Management Office of the Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries.

    Measures to Take in the Event of a Piracy Attack:

    • Send and report SSAS signals (→ Comprehensive Situation Management Office of the Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries);
    • Take evasive action like increasing speed and zigzagging;
    • Contact the Cheonghae Unit (or ship company) when evacuating to a shelter.
    
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